Griffith Law School
From 1945 to 1966, the Philippines government was engaged in drafting and formulating the text enshrining the right to social security for inclusion in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. However, this paper argues that the Philippines does not meet its obligations to provide adequate social security support to its people. While there are structures in place to provide income support to those unable to work, this support is inadequate and compromised by entrenched corruption. Both these issues need to be addressed for the Philippines to meet its original promise to provide social security as a human right. This will be shown in the following steps. First, the Philippines’ participation in the internationalisation of the right to social security expressed in the international bill of human rights will be outlined. Second, the programs that comprise the welfare state of the Philippines will be outlined. Third these programmes will be shown to be inadequate. Finally, the impact of these programs will be shown to be further compromised by entrenched corruption of political culture in the Philippines.
Gemma is a PhD candidate at Griffith Law School. Her thesis is titled “The Right to Social Security in the Philippines “and investigates the limits and challenges of Philippine’s meeting its international obligations to provide social security to its people. Gemma submitted her thesis in September.